Marijuana as a therapeutic route has been used since ancient civilizations. Here you can find out everything you need on this point. We present part of its history, what are the diseases that can be treated, how it works in the body, benefits, side effects and, finally, its legal status.
Marijuana as a therapeutic route
In recent years there has been a lot of debate regarding the use of marijuana as a health aid. Formerly in China, the cannabis plant was used to act as an anticonvulsant, pain reliever, anxiolytic, among others.
Currently, due to different studies in countries such as the Netherlands, Switzerland, Canada and eight states in the United States, they have approved the use of the cannabis plant for its high therapeutic potential. The US Federal Food and Drugs Administration, known by its acronym FDA, has approved the medical use of this plant.
According to previous studies, cannabinoids have been a great ally to alleviate neurological diseases, cardiovascular problems, some types of cancer, glaucoma, etc. The use of marijuana as a therapeutic ally has shown to be far-reaching.
Since when is marijuana used for therapeutic purposes?
For each country, progress with respect to the use of marijuana as a therapeutic route has been different. This is certainly not a decision that can be taken lightly. There are certain processes and regulations that must be reviewed to approve these regulations.
Primarily, in Israel in 1995, with the approval of the Ministry of Health, promotes the use of the cannabis plant for medicinal use. Where in a statistical study around 2014, it indicates that approximately 17,000 patients had benefited from its consumption.
However, Uruguay was the first country in the world to regulate its planting, production and consumption, both in the medicinal and recreational areas, this approval was announced in 2013.
Later, countries such as the Czech Republic in 2013 and Canada in 2014 followed, for medicinal use. Thus, successively, other countries have joined this modality.
How does marijuana work in our body?
Depending on the form of administration, cannabis compounds have a different assimilation route. However, after reaching the blood and crossing the blood-brain barrier and permeating the neurons, the perceived effects are similar. These effects only vary in their potency. This potency is directly related to the route of administration; being the strongest for the organism the ingested.
Active compounds in marijuana
More than 500 compounds are found in the cannabis plant. Of all this great variety around 110 cannabinoids. Among these the main cannabinoids of the plant are:
THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is the main active compound in the marijuana plant. This compound has a psychoactive and psychotropic effect on the body. It also causes a feeling of relief and can ease different types of pain.
CBD or Canabidiol is the most attractive compound for science and medicine. This compound is considered to have many more therapeutic applications than THC. It has even been tested to treat different cancer patients with favorable results and few side effects.
Forms of administration and assimilation
Depending on the way you consume the plant, it is possible to perceive greater potency in its effects.
Smoked or vaporized
Once the compounds in the plant are burned or vaporized, the assimilation and metabolization pathway occurs in the lungs. This way is fast and effective when regulating consumption, since the effects are perceived almost instantly, reaching the maximum experience within a few minutes of the first puffs or aspirations.
Cannabinoids are also ingested orally, but THC levels are usually lower than when inhaled. But the effects are much stronger and longer, due to the metabolic path. This occurs in the liver and not in the lungs, causing its concentrations in the blood to be higher. Furthermore, in this way, they can cross the blood brain barrier very easily, impregnating cannabinoid neurons.
Creams, ointments and ointments
Throughout our body we can get cannabinoid receptors. This allows us to use cannabis compounds in a different way than smoked, inhaled or consumed in food. This form is with the use of creams, ointments and any other type of substance for topical application.
These types of products do not place, such as when smoking or eating cannabis, since the compound used mainly is CBD. It has been shown in studies that this compound does not generate side and psychotropic effects like those achieved with THC.