Over the last year, above all, we have been able to see how medical cannabis has been advancing in many countries. Many have decided to legalize the use of this plant for purely medical purposes. Therefore, we are going to share with you a small guide on the uses of medicinal cannabis.
In different cultures and traditions, cannabis has been used thanks to its incredible therapeutic and medicinal benefits. In addition to being used for textile products, it was also a food source and was even understood as a master plant in different cultures. For this reason it has become one of the most valuable crops of antiquity.
However, in medical matters, the first written references found date back to 2,737 BC, in the Shennong pharmacopeia, one of the great fathers of Chinese medicine. But which part of the plant is the one with the highest concentration of medicinal uses? The flowers of the female plant, or also called buds. These are made up of a greater quantity of cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids.
What are cannabinoids
Cannabinoids are responsible for activating the endocannabinoid system, present in the body and brain of mammals. This system is in charge of regulating the rest of the body systems. Within cannabinoids there are several substances: phytocannabinoids, endocannabinoids, and synthetic cannabinoids. The latter are those that occur naturally in the mammalian body. Phytocannabinoids are naturally synthesized by the marijuana plant, while the latter are completely artificial.
In a marijuana plant we can find more than 100 different phytocannabinoids. However, there are several that are really important in the field of medicinal cannabis.
This substance is commonly known as THC. It is the main stimulating substance (to which the stone is due). It has euphoric, analgesic and anti-inflammatory qualities. Cannabidiol (CBD) It is the substance in charge of reducing the psychoactive effects of THC. But, in addition, it has other very positive qualities. For example, it is an anxiolytic, analgesic, antispasmodic substance and has antipsychotic qualities.Cannabinol (CBN) is found when THC is oxidized. It is then when it has sedative, anticonvulsant and anti-inflammatory qualities. Cannabricomeo (CBC) . It has anti-inflammatory and analgesic qualities.
Now all of these substances are produced central to the endocannabinoid system. It is a system that is in charge of controlling physiological functions such as pain perception, tissue inflammation, control of metabolic functions, sleep regulation.
Endocannabinoids are responsible for managing CB1 and CB2, two major receptors in the body. CB1 is found in the central nervous system and aids in neural processes. CB2 is found in the immune system.
Medicinal cannabis: effects on the body
In recent years, there have been many studies that have been conducted on the medicinal effects that cannabis has on different patients. There are many factors that influence the effects, for example the content or types of cannabinoids dependent on different strains, the way of administration, the amount.
However, all strains have general medicinal use. All cause the following effects:
Relaxation, sedation and euphoria.Stimulation of appetite.Reduces hypertension, which improves intraocular pressure.Relieves symptoms such as nausea or vomiting.Helps to breathe better by dilating the bronchi.It can increase libido and release hormones related to stress responses.It has antiproliferative effects, so it helps prevent the growth of certain tumors.It has an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect.
Cannabis to fight disease
Cannabis is understood as a medicinal plant for two reasons. On the one hand, it has a large amount of cannabinoids. These, as we have seen, are very positive for the organism. On the other hand, it regulates the proper functioning of the endocannabinoid system of mammals. Therefore, cannabis is used as palliative therapy. This means that you can reduce or eliminate the side effects of certain treatments, such as treating cancer with chemotherapy. However, it is also used as concomitant therapy, that is, to enhance the effect of some traditional treatment, such as those related to muscle pain.
However, it is also used as a curative therapy. That is, that cannabis can lead to eliminate diseases such as:
- It has an appetite enhancer.
- Anxiety and depression.
- It reduces stress levels and increases hormones such as serotonin or dopamine.
- Eliminate respiratory diseases such as asthma by dilating the bronchi.
- Reduces blood sugar levels.
- Medical marijuana has been shown to be used to treat cancer since, in addition to preventing it from growing further, it also has a reducing effect.
- Pain and seizures.
- Its anti-inflammatory, analgesic and relaxing effects make people with epilepsy suffer less seizures and eliminate certain pain.
- Posttraumatic stress.
- Some studies claim that this plant helps treat post-traumatic stress symptoms.
- Relieves Parkinson’s symptoms.ADHD, hyperactivity
For all this, cannabis should not be seen as a drug, but as an alternative to numerous drugs.